What is Dizziness what to do

Dizziness

Dizziness is a term used to describe a range of sensations, such as feeling faint, woozy, weak or unsteady. Dizziness that creates the false sense that you or your surroundings are spinning or moving is called vertigo

Vertigo. The feeling of motion when there is no motion, such as you spinning or your environment spinning. Spinning yourself round and round, then suddenly stopping, can produce temporary vertigo. But when it happens in the normal course of living, it signals a problem with the vestibular system of the inner ear — the body’s balance system that tells you which way is down and senses the position of your head. About half of all dizziness complaints are vertigo.

Lightheadedness

Also called near syncope, lightheadedness is the feeling that you are about to faint. It is commonly felt by standing up too quickly or by breathing deeply enough times to produce the sensation.

Disequilibrium

A problem with walking. People with disequilibrium feel unsteady on their feet or feel like they are going to fall.

Anxiety

People who are scared, worried, depressed, or afraid of open spaces may use “dizzy” to mean frightened, depressed, or anxious.

Frequent dizziness sufferers may complain of more than one type of dizziness. For instance, having vertigo may also make them anxious.

Dizziness can be a one-time event, or it can be a chronic, long-lasting problem. Nearly everyone who is dizzy will get better. This is because a person’s sense of balance is a complex interaction between the brain, each ear’s separate vestibular system, sensors in the muscles, and sense of vision. When one component breaks down, the others usually learn to compensate.

Vertigo can be caused by many things

Infection

such as the ones that cause the common cold or diarrhea, can cause temporary vertigo via an ear infection. This inner ear infection is generally viral, harmless, and usually goes away in one to six weeks, but drugs are available if it is severe.

Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo — positional vertigo or BPPV

is caused by movement of an otolith — a tiny calcium particle the size of a grain of sand — from the part of the ear that senses gravity to the part that senses head position. The person feels as if their head is turning when it isn’t. A two-minute therapy done right in the doctor’s office can move the otolith back where it belongs and fix the problem. This therapy, called the Epley maneuver, cures vertigo 80% of the time.

Meniere’s disease

is a disorder characterized by long-lasting episodes of severe vertigo. Other symptoms of Meniere’s disease are tinnitus (ringing in the ear), hearing loss, and pressure or fullness in the ear.

Dandy’s syndrome

is a feeling of everything bouncing up and down. It can happen to people who take an antibiotic that is toxic to the ear. It usually improves over time.

Less common, deadly diseases can also cause vertigo, such as tumors or stroke.

Meniere’s Disease

can be accompanies by fluctuating hearing loss, ringing in the ear and a feeling of fullness in the affected ear.

Acoustic neuroma

a non-cancerous growth on the vestibular nerve — which connects the inner ear to your brain can also cause vertigo.

Lotkowski said dizziness is also compared to feeling faint or lightheaded, and may be accompanied by nausea and skin clamminess.

A drop in blood pressure which can occur after sitting up or standing too quickly could cause this, as well as inadequate output of blood from the heart.

CAUSES OF DIZZINESS

  • Anxiety Disorders

When people are too anxious, they tend to find it hard to breathe and the lack of oxygen to the brain causes dizziness.

  • Ear Infections

Do you know that aside from letting us have the sense of hearing, our ears make sure that we keep our balance? This is the reason why when you have ear infections; it can be harder to keep your balance.

  • Hypoglycemia

People who get low blood pressure tend to feel dizzy because of the lack of sugar in their system. You might get this condition if you are following a certain diet that does not give you the required amount of sugar that you need in a day.

  • Dehydration

Not taking a drink from time to time especially when you are under the heat of the sun makes you a possible candidate of suffering from dehydration. This can be avoided easily as long as you will hydrate yourself.

  • Medications

There are certain medications that may lower the amount of sugar that you have in your body and this may cause you to feel dizzy.

DIZZINESS CAUSED BY VESTIBULAR DISORDERS

The body maintains balance with sensory information from three systems:

  • vision
  • proprioception (touch sensors in the feet, trunk, and spine)
  • vestibular system (inner ear)

Sensory input from these three systems is integrated and processed by the brainstem. In response, feedback messages are sent to the eyes to help maintain steady vision and to the muscles to help maintain posture and balance.

SPECIFIC VESTIBULAR SYSTEM PROBLEMS

Vestibular dysfunction is most commonly caused by head injury, aging, and viral infection. Other illnesses, as well as genetic and environmental factors, may also cause or contribute to vestibular disorders. Causes of dizziness related to vestibular system dysfunction are listed below.

TREATMENT

Sit Down or Lie Down

When you are feeling dizzy, it will not help if you would try to stand because this will not help at all. What it will just do is let you topple to the ground and fall. You can sit or lie down so that your body will adjust and you will not feel dizzy anymore.

Water

It was mentioned earlier that one of the main reasons why you can get dizzy is because you lack water in your system. If you feel that this is the main cause of your dizziness, the most simple solution is to drink water at the soonest possible time.

  • If you are already feeling dizzy, you would have to take water in small sips.
  • Take enough water to make your body feel hydrated.
  • Make sure that you will drink enough water throughout the day. While 8 – 10 glasses are recommended, this may differ from one person to another.
  • Drink other fluids that you need throughout the day.

Massage

If you know that you just need a massage in order to relax your senses, make sure that you will try massaging your head for immediate relief. There is a chance that your blood flow will become normal and this might help stop your dizziness Have a massage once in a while. It will be helpful if a professional can do it for you because all of your senses will be relaxed and the stress and tension that you are feeling will also go away.

  • It will be best to choose a massage in lavender oil because this will help add to the benefits that you can get when you decide to get a massage.

Deep Breathing

There are times when the main reason why you might get dizzy is because of improper breathing. Do remember that this is one thing that you would have to remember. You have to breathe deeply so that your brain will get the right amount of oxygen that you need.

  • Sit down on a chair.
  • Start breathing and count 1 – 5 in your head while you are doing breathing exercises.
  • Fill up your stomach with air because this will also help you get rid of anxiety if this is the cause of your dizziness.

Yogurt

  • Make sure that you will eat a bowl full of yogurt especially in the morning.
  • In order to make the yogurt taste better, you can add some slices of fresh fruit as well.
  • You can also eat yogurt at least twice a day.

Mustard and Salt

  • Place mustard, salt, vinegar and pepper together.
  • Make sure that they are of equal proportions.
  • Add a cup of water and mix.
  • Consume immediately so that you can get immediate relief from dizziness.

Rest

  • Make sure that you will get 6 – 8 hours of sleep. Do remember that it is different for one person to another. Just make sure that you will get the amount of sleep that you need.
  • Take breaks in between work. Not only will this refresh your brain, you will also feel more energize to continue your task after.




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